The Violet-green Swallow is a bird of Western
North America, and can be found in summer from Mexico all the way up through
Alaska. They are similar in appearance and behavior to the Tree
Swallow, and sometimes associated very closely with them.
Habitat: Will use a wide variety of semi-open habitats
during the summer nesting season, including canyon walls, pine forests,
riparian areas, and tree groves in more open prairie. During
migration, they are often found near water (coastlines, rivers, lakes).
Diet: Feeds almost exclusively on flying insects.
Behavior: Gregarious, often forming mixed flocks
with other swallows as well as White-throated Swifts. Feeds by
catching insects in flight.
Nesting: June and July
Song: A thin series of "chee-chee"
Migration: Summers throughout the western part of
North America, up through southern Alaska. A few winter along the
California coast, but most winter in Mexico and Central America.
Birdhouses: Will readily use man-made nest boxes.
Conservation Status: Numbers are generally stable, although they are in decline in scattered locales
due to competition with House Sparrows
Starlings, and are increasing in other areas due to large numbers of nest
Cornell Lab of Ornithology - Violet-green Swallow
Photo Information: June 5th, 2009 - Klamath Falls,
California - Terry Sohl
Additional Photos: Click on the image chips below for
more, higher-resolution photos of the Violet-green Swallow.