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Antrostomus carolinensis

Length: 12 inches Wingspan: 25 inches Seasonality: Rare migrant / Summer
ID Keys: Most easily identified by voice.  Rich brown overall, chest darker than throat.

Chuck-will's-widow - Antrostomus carolinensisOne of the nocturnal Nightjars, the Chuck-Will's-Widow is named after its continuous, repetitive song that is often heard at night.  Primarily a bird of the southeastern United States, they are rare visitors to the state.  Extremely shy, Chuck-Will's-Widows will generally flush upon approach, moving away on silent wings.

Habitat: Wooded habitats, including conifer, deciduous, and mixed forests.

Diet: Primarily insects, especially large flying insects that are active at night.  Also will eat small birds, up to any size they can swallow whole.

Behavior: Nocturnal, foraging at night.  Captures insects in mid-air in its extremely large gaping mouth, either by flying out from a perch or the ground to snag passing insects, or by foraging while in constant flight.

Breeding: Rare breeder in South Dakota (Breeding Bird Survey map unavailable).

Song: Chuck-Will's-Widow Song

Migration: Summers in the southeastern quarter of the United States.  Winters in Mexico, Central America, and northern South America, with some over-wintering in Florida.

Interactive eBird Map: Click for access to an interactive eBird map of Chuck-will's-Widow sightings

Similar Species: Whip-poor-will

Conservation Status: Possibly declining in parts of its range, due to habitat loss.

Further Information: 1) Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter, Chuck-Will's-Widow

2) Cornell University's "All About Birds - Chuck-will's-widow"

3) Chuck-Will's Widow

Photo Information: May 3rd, 2003 -- Cottonwood Forest below Oahe Dam in Stanley County - Doug Backlund


Click on the map below for a higher-resolution view
Chuck-will's-Widow - Range Map
South Dakota Status: Prior to 2000, the nearest confirmed breeding was in Kansas and southeastern Iowa.  Doug Backlund confirmed breeding near Oahe Dam in 2000, with records continuing in the summer in the same area since that date.