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Green-breasted Mango

Anthracothorax prevostii

Length: 4.5 inches Wingspan: 6.25 inches Seasonality: Non-resident in South Dakota
ID Keys: Green plumage on upperparts, brilliant green underparts on male, female has light underparts with obvious dark stripe

Green-breasted Mango - Anthracothorax prevostiiThe Green-breasted Mango is a hummingbird of tropical America.  They are normally found near the coasts of central and southern Mexico, and in Central America, but populations also occur in a few locations in northern South America.  They were unknown in the United States until a bird was identified in south Texas in 1988.  While still a very rare vagrant in the United States, they have been found a number of times since, mostly in south Texas and a few in Florida, but also with single sightings in North Carolina, Wisconsin, and Georgia.  A female Green-breasted Mango, has an obvious central stripe on light-colored underparts.  Males (depicted in the drawing on the right) have a brilliant green plumage on their underparts.

Habitat: Green-breasted Mangos are primarily found in open woodlands and savannahs, as well as around tropical deciduous forests, typically at lower elevations up to around 3,000 feet.  They also have adapted to vegetated suburban habitats.

Diet: Typical diet of hummingbirds, primarily nectar, but insects also comprise a portion of the diet. 

Behavior: Males establish feeding territories and aggressively defend them against other hummingbirds. 

Nesting: Males form loose breeding groups, displaying to passing females through high display flights.  Females build the nest mostly from plant fibers, and camoflague the outside with bits of moss.  The female also incubates the eggs and raises the young.

Song: Males sing a buzzing song during courting.  They also have a high-pitched "tsip" call.

Migration: Permanent populations are present in most of the eastern portion of its range, particularly in Central America and around the Yucatan peninsula.  Birds that summer on the central Mexico Gulf coast are migratory, moving eastward for the winter, or south to the Pacific coast.

Interactive eBird Map: Click here to access an interactive eBird map of Green-breasted Mango sightings

Feeders: Will attend hummingbird feeders

Similar Species: Similar to other Mango species, particularly the Veraguan Mango and the Black-throated Mango.  However, those species have not been seen in the ABA North America region.   

Conservation Status: No conservation concerns are presently noted for the species 

Further Information: 1) Cornell's Neotropical Birds - Green-breasted Mango

2) WhatBird - Green-breasted Mango

3) AvianWeb - Green-breasted Mango

Image Information: Colored pencil drawing by Terry Sohl - 2012


Click below for a higher-resolution map
Green-breasted Mango - Range Map
South Dakota Status: Non-resident in South Dakota

Additional Green-breasted Mango Images
Click for a higher-resolution version of these photos
 Green-breasted Mango - By Terry Sohl