The Blue-headed Vireo, the
Cassin's Vireo, and
the Plumbeous Vireo were all considered
one species, the Solitary Vireo, until the 1990's. The Blue-headed is
the eastern component of the three, migrating throughout the eastern half of
the United States to it's summer destinations in the northeastern U.S. and
Canada. A race summering in the Appalachians is larger and differs
slightly in plumage.
open mixed forests during the summer breeding season. Also found in open
forests and woodlands during migration and in winter.
Diet: Primarily feeds on insects and spiders. They will
also consume fruits and berries, especially during the winter months.
Behavior: Primarily forages in the upper portion
of trees. They will sometimes observe from a perch and flycatch,
flying out to catch passing insects, or clamber along major branches and
tree trunks in search of prey.
Breeding: Non-breeder in South Dakota. In breeding
range, the nest is a cup made of grasses, weeds, roots, and moss, lined with
downy plant material or animal hair. The female lays 3 to 5 egggs, which
are incubated by both parents. Upon hatching, both parents tend to the
young, who leave the nest after about 2 weeks.
Migration: Summers in central through southeastern
Canada, the Great Lakes Region, New England, and southward through the
Appalachians. Winters near the Gulf and Atlantic coasts in the
Southeastern United States, as well as Mexico and Central America.
Cornell University's "All About Birds - Blue-headed Vireo"
Photo Information: September 2nd, 2012 - Minnehaha
County, South Dakota - Terry Sohl
Additional Photos: Click on the image chips or
text links below for additional, higher-resolution Blue-headed Vireo photos.