The White-winged Dove is
primarily a native of the southwestern U.S., but they are adapting to a human
presence and have expanded their range northward in recent decades. While
most migrate southward in the winter, some have learned to move to suburban
areas to take advantage of bird feeders and other human-introduced food
items. They are still only very rare visitors to South Dakota, however.
Habitat: Can be found in a variety of
semi-open habitats, including shrubland, deserts, chaparral, open oak woodlands,
farmland, and suburban areas.
Diet: Primarily feeds on seeds, fruits,
berries, and occasionally nectar.
Behavior: Will forage on the ground or in trees
and other vegetation. In desert areas of the southwest, they are
important pollinators of Saguaro cacti, and are often seen at the tops of
these plants, feeding on the flowers and fruit.
Breeding: Non-breeder in South Dakota
Migration: Summers in the southwestern U.S. and along the Gulf
Coast. Most move southward for the winter, although those in southern
Florida appear to be permanent residents and those in suburban settings are less
likely to migrate.
Conservation Status: Numbers and range are expanding as they
become accustomed to a human-altered environment.
Bird Feeders: Will attend feeders for small seeds and
Cornell University's "All About Birds - White-winged Dove"
-- White-winged Dove
Photo Information: May 6th, 2008 - Near Tucson,
Arizona - Terry L. Sohl
Additional Photos: Click on the image chips or
text links below for additional, higher-resolution White-winged Dove photos.