As is the case with most of the Rails, Sora are often quite
difficult to observe due to their preference for thick marshy vegetation.
They are one of the most common of Rails. Unlike the long-billed Rails,
their short bill prevents them from probing mudflats for small animals.
Instead, they feed heavily on seeds, other vegetative matter, and insects.
the breeding season, Sora can be found in a wide variety of freshwater
marshy habitats, including wetlands, river and pond edges, and damp
meadows. They will inhabit saltwater marshes as well during the winter.
Diet: Feeds heavily on vegetative material, especially seeds
and wild rice. Also feeds on aquatic insects, snails, small crustaceans,
Behavior: Walks slowly through wetland vegetation,
plucking food items from the surface of the water, from vegetation, or from
the ground. Will also occasionally probe in soft mud with its bill for
Nesting: June through August
Song: A long descending
whinny that's slower at the end.
Migration: Summers throughout much of Canada and the northern two-thirds of the United
States. Winters along U.S. coastlines, in the far southern portions of the
U.S., and points south.
Conservation Status: Generally widespread and common, but local
declines have been noted due to loss of freshwater marshes.
Lab of Ornithology - Sora
Photo Information: April 26th, 2007 - Lake County, South Dakota - Terry L. Sohl
Additional Photos: Click on the image chips or
text links below for additional, higher-resolution Sora photos.