Flycatchers are one of the most common
small flycatchers that can be found in the state. It is often seen in the open, singing its repetitive
song. The Least Flycatcher belongs to a group of 11 "Empidonax"
flycatchers, all of which are very similar and difficult to separate.
Voice, behavior, and location are often the best clues in differentiating the
Habitat: Mixed habitat with trees and
open areas, including woodland edges and clearings, residential areas, parks,
Diet: Mostly insects, occasionally berries, other fruit, and
Behavior: Observes from a perch and flies out to
capture passing insects in mid-air. They will also hover and glean
insects from foliage and branches.
Nesting: June and July
Migration: Summers in much of Canada, the northern
third of the U.S., and the Appalachians in the U.S. east.
Much rarer in the western part of the continent however. Neotropical
migrant, but a few can occasionally be found overwintering in Florida.
Similar Species: Very similar to the other
Empidonax flycatchers. The species are all best separated by voice and
range, as wells as very minor plumage or structural differences.
Conservation Status: Surveys show declines in
recent decades, primarily in the southern part of their breeding range, but
overall populations are still healthy and widespread.
Cornell University's "All About Birds - Least Flycatcher"
eNature.com: Least Flycatcher
Photo Information: May 26th, 2003 -- Ditch Road in
Minnehaha County -- Terry Sohl
Additional Photos: Click on the image chips or
text links below for additional, higher-resolution Least Flycatcher photos.