Sparrow is primarily a bird of arid regions in the West, where they can be quite
common even in areas with very sparse vegetation. While not shy when
approached by humans, they do not adapt well to the intrusion of human
development in their native habitats. To ensure adequate water supplies
for young, timing of the nesting season usually coincides with the timing of
be found in a variety of dry open habitats, including quite barren salt flats
with scattered bushes, sagebrush flats, grasslands with scattered cactii, and
open pinyon-juniper woodlands.
on insects and seeds, with the balance tipping towards insects in the summer and
towards seeds in the winter. They will also eat green buds and fresh
leaves when available, as well as fruits and berries. They can survive for
long periods without water, drawing water from the insects and vegetation that
Behavior: Mostly forages while running along the ground, although they will also forage
in desert cactii and shrubs. Males will sing from high perches during the
summer breeding season.
Breeding: Non-breeder in South Dakota
Song: Two or
three bell-like notes followed by a rapid trill.
Migration: Summers in much of
the interior U.S. West. Winters in the Southwest U.S. and Mexico, where
many birds are permanent residents.
Conservation Status: Increased development in
desert habitat has reduced numbers in some locations. They do not
adapt to a human presence like many species of sparrows.
Cornell University's "All About Birds - Black-throated Sparrow"
Photo Information: September 7th, 2006 -- Near Tucson, Arizona -- Terry Sohl
Additional Photos: Click on the image chips or
text links below for additional, higher-resolution Black-throated Sparrow